Showing posts with label Essay. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Essay. Show all posts

Friday, August 26, 2016

A Golden Handshake-a solution to Unemployment






The government has failed to frame a long-term employment policy, without which there is a danger of disrupting and pressuring the path of development strategies. The employment otherwise would be for a few well-connected individuals.

According to a recent report prepared by the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources the unemployment the youth unemployment rate has increased to 10.7 percent from 9.4 percent in 2014 (BBS, May 26 2016: Youth unemployment rate increases)

This year almost half of the 3,536  university graduates appeared the preliminary examination for 498 vacancies in the civil service. This means at least six graduates will be vying for a slot in the civil service this year. The unemployment figure is rising.

The government must now think of absorbing graduates. One of the best ways of giving jobs is to replace old servants with that of new seekers. The labour force participation rate is estimated at 62.6 percent in 2014, (those between 16-45) and they are considered economically active group than who are economically inactive due to old age.

One of the techniques of making the workforce is Voluntary Retirement Scheme. This is a generous - can be tax-free severance payment to persuade the employees to voluntarily retire from the service, which is called as ‘Golden hand Shake’ as it is the golden route to retrenchment. It can be a better ways of creating jobs for active group of people.

 A golden handshake is essentially a severance or kind of compensation made to employee through several ways, such as cash, or stock options, or other incentive packages. It’s an agreement between an employee and employer when they leave jobs or retire voluntary; the credit as a retirement incentive is given with their pension, gratuity or any other benefits. A golden parachute agreement customarily is used as a lure to create jobs and give opportunity to jobs to people in the country. As young people enter jobs, they tend to perform better than old oldies.

Some benefits under this scheme could be better emoluments; the employee will get the provident fund and gratuity dues at the earlier year so that he/she can use for house construction, and for family subsistence. It is a lucrative settlement which prevents resentment at the old age. It also offers best and human route to retrenching excess of employee. Sometimes, voluntary nature preludes the need for enforcement.

 The people most likely to take advantage of the Golden Handshake(GH) are people who would retire anyway. For example, employees who are more than 50 years old and have more than 25 years of service should be eligible for GH. If this tenure has to be taken in, 500 or more jobs could be created in a year than a meager number of 434. Offering the GH might encourage a few additional employees to retire sooner. And those bogus employees opt retirement, and for the benefit anyway, and then the new experiencers would result in a higher quality work.

 As an alternative to the Golden Handshake, there could be Lump Sum Incentive program in which retirement-eligible employees were offered a lump sum incentive. These can include cash, a house, or stocks options, or other packages for life-long for personal sacrifice of early retirement. For example, an employee at least 50 years old who retires by the close of the fiscal year is offered the opportunity to receive lump sum incentives.

 A golden handshake not only creates jobs for our energetic youth, but also provides early benefits to the senior citizens of the country.

Sunday, May 22, 2016

Language Policy: decolonizing the mind

A language will become dormant and ultimately vanish when it is no longer spoken as the first or primary language. It disappears when its speakers disappear or when a community of speakers of one language becomes bilingual in another language, and gradually shift to speaking another language – most often, a dominant language used by a more powerful people.

The lost of Language is not primarily caused by external forces such as military, but it is caused by educational subjugation and also internal forces, such as people’s negative attitude towards its own language.

The loss of language has consequences much wider than simply losing expressions. It means losing identity, culture, history and crucial knowledge. 

Google Guru
 A dying Language in Bhutan

Educational Subjugation
The lost of language in many countries is to be blamed for education. The English language is beginning to conquest and contribute language shift in our country too. The Education Policy of Bhutan is that we must only speak English language in the classes and the schools. By and by, our mother tongue dialects like Khengkha, Kurtoe, Sharchop are vulnerable as most children speak English, and our local languages are restricted to home. Now local languages are mostly used by grandparents and older generations; and even our younger generations speak, they speak the language partially and infrequently.,

In schools, I remember we were punished for speaking our own mother tongue. The schools’ goal was to assimilate children into English language and culture. We had to wear the tag labeled ‘Speak English,’ for speaking Sharchop language or we were given grass cutting and even beaten badly just for speaking the native language. And this trend is still there in the schools. But little has it been reformed as language policy is being framed and students are made to use only English and Dzongkha in the school, and corporal punishment is not as common now like before. English has become the measure of intelligence. We have been rewarding any achievement in spoken or written English. And we tend to think that all things originating from the West are symbol of enlightenment and progress, and all things associated with what we have are seen as primitive and inferior.

And when or if this continues for more generations, it plays an active role in language death. If children are not speaking them now, the children will probably not speak in 50 years. Bottom of Form

Negative Attitudes by Parents and Community
Today, if children are with their parents, they might be punished for speaking their native language at home. Parents today encourage their children to speak and learn English language instead of their heritage language. Babies are taught other words and languages, not mother tongues. We are bombarded with American, British and Hindi shows, movies and games, language and many young people think they are cool and Bhutanese things are not. We have negative attitudes towards our own language that might lead to languages becoming endangered. Our students and parents feel ashamed and outdated when they speak their native languages. We have different views of where we belong.

I've met many Bhutanese people whose English and Hindi skills are arguably better than their Sharchop or Dzongkha.

What does language extinction mean for the rest of us?

Knowledge
The extinction of a language results in the loss of unique cultural knowledge embodied in it for centuries, including historical, spiritual and ecological knowledge that may be useful for many. Language is the knowledge-vessel of tradition and heritages. Many oral stories in Bhutan are passed down through its language, so when the language disappears, it may take with it important information about the early history of the society.

Culture
The extinction of a language results in the loss of culture. Ngugi Wa Thiong’o says that language carries aesthetics of a culture; the entire body of values by which we come to perceive ourselves and our place in the world. Ngugu (Decolonising the Mind) says that colonial power didn’t use any weapon to fight and colonized African countries. Language was used as both an insidious tool for imperialism as well as a weapon of resistance for colonized peoples. With language, they disrupted the entire fabric of the lives of its victims: in particular their culture, making them ashamed of their names, history, systems of belief, languages, lore, art dance, song, sculpture, even the colour of their skin. That’s why Ngugi considers English in Africa a "cultural bomb" that continues a process of wiping out pre-colonial histories and identities.

Identity
The loss of language results people to assimilate with other communities, thereby losing one’s identity. Language is a powerful symbol of identity. Much of the cultural, spiritual, and intellectual life of a people is experienced through language. This ranges from prayers, myths, ceremonies, poetry, oratory, and technical vocabulary to everyday greetings, leave- takings, conversational styles, humor, ways of speaking to children, and terms for habits, behaviors, and emotions. When a language is lost, all of this must be refashioned in the new language-with different words, sounds, and grammar.

Remedies

The education system
The most important thing that can be done to keep a language from disappearing is to change education policy. Education system should support mother-tongue instruction or multilingual education, and create favorable conditions for its speakers to speak the language and teach it to their children. We cannot teach in our language, but we can use local languages in teaching to uphold our native language. Children mustn’t learn that their language and their culture are worthless, of no use in the modern classroom or society like in our education system. Our languages should be given attention in all education policies and it should be drawn up by the government. UNESCO also acts on many fronts to safeguard endangered languages and prevent their disappearance. It says, “In education, UNESCO supports policies promoting multilingualism and especially mother tongue literacy; it supports the language component of indigenous education; and raises awareness of the importance of language preservation in education.”

Increase of prestige
Since the most crucial factor is the attitude of the speakers toward their own language, it is essential to create a social and political environment that encourages multilingualism and respect for minority languages so that speaking such a language is an asset rather than a liability. Speaking ones language should be a pride rather than feeling detached from others. Children and parents must not think that their mother tongues are non-standard language, wrong to speak, inferior, uneducated, and should be abandoned.

Conclusion

The lost of language has great impact on one’s identity, culture and knowledge, knowing this, there are many things to be formulated in education or students’ learning as it is the main factor of degrading local language. So that we can change the mentality of our own language and speak with pride.  
Google Guru
 Fun: Now we must teach word for word and use ‘code switching’ to teach words. For example, the word ‘Ashom’(maize) would be forgotten if it were to teach every time with English.

Friday, April 29, 2016

Mass Cleaning Campaign



Out of many health activities in the school, mass cleaning campaign is one of the important activities in the school. On 28th April, Darla school conducted mass cleaning campaign. We called off the afternoon class, and students and teachers gathered in the assembly ground. The campaign begun with area distribution from classes IV to V. And the theme of the campaign was made loud and cleared to the students. The theme was, “Clean Darla, Clean Bhutan. Clean Bhutan, Clean Earth.” The students and teachers went to the last point of the area singing the theme and requesting parents to come out and clean. The health club members also had various massages written and pasted on their back and front part of the body.

The mass cleaning campaign covered town and villages of Darla. Many classes of students and teachers went as far as three kilometers from the school to clean and create awareness. We covered Darla bazaar, BPPL, Police gate, RNR, and Darla Lhakhang.

The presence of public in the cleaning campaign was requested in teachers-parents meeting, and for that the health committee also sent letter to bazaar thsogpa, BPPL,and the Darla Gup. Except for a few shopkeepers for a few refreshments, a few people from Bazaar, no public came forward to clean on that day. Our main aim was to create awareness among the public. But we feel that we have created while we went out singing our theme loud. The presence of few public didn’t deter as we have huge numbers of students. Not only did our cleaning well but also have lots of funs. The cleaning campaign was successful one as we collected almost 50 sacks of waste.  When we gather back in the school, a bottle of litchi juice was given to quench thirst from the scorching heat of the day. Below are some photos of the day.