Friday, August 26, 2016

A Golden Handshake-a solution to Unemployment

The government has failed to frame a long-term employment policy, without which there is a danger of disrupting and pressuring the path of development strategies. The employment otherwise would be for a few well-connected individuals.

According to a recent report prepared by the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources the unemployment the youth unemployment rate has increased to 10.7 percent from 9.4 percent in 2014 (BBS, May 26 2016: Youth unemployment rate increases)

This year almost half of the 3,536  university graduates appeared the preliminary examination for 498 vacancies in the civil service. This means at least six graduates will be vying for a slot in the civil service this year. The unemployment figure is rising.

The government must now think of absorbing graduates. One of the best ways of giving jobs is to replace old servants with that of new seekers. The labour force participation rate is estimated at 62.6 percent in 2014, (those between 16-45) and they are considered economically active group than who are economically inactive due to old age.

One of the techniques of making the workforce is Voluntary Retirement Scheme. This is a generous - can be tax-free severance payment to persuade the employees to voluntarily retire from the service, which is called as ‘Golden hand Shake’ as it is the golden route to retrenchment. It can be a better ways of creating jobs for active group of people.

 A golden handshake is essentially a severance or kind of compensation made to employee through several ways, such as cash, or stock options, or other incentive packages. It’s an agreement between an employee and employer when they leave jobs or retire voluntary; the credit as a retirement incentive is given with their pension, gratuity or any other benefits. A golden parachute agreement customarily is used as a lure to create jobs and give opportunity to jobs to people in the country. As young people enter jobs, they tend to perform better than old oldies.

Some benefits under this scheme could be better emoluments; the employee will get the provident fund and gratuity dues at the earlier year so that he/she can use for house construction, and for family subsistence. It is a lucrative settlement which prevents resentment at the old age. It also offers best and human route to retrenching excess of employee. Sometimes, voluntary nature preludes the need for enforcement.

 The people most likely to take advantage of the Golden Handshake(GH) are people who would retire anyway. For example, employees who are more than 50 years old and have more than 25 years of service should be eligible for GH. If this tenure has to be taken in, 500 or more jobs could be created in a year than a meager number of 434. Offering the GH might encourage a few additional employees to retire sooner. And those bogus employees opt retirement, and for the benefit anyway, and then the new experiencers would result in a higher quality work.

 As an alternative to the Golden Handshake, there could be Lump Sum Incentive program in which retirement-eligible employees were offered a lump sum incentive. These can include cash, a house, or stocks options, or other packages for life-long for personal sacrifice of early retirement. For example, an employee at least 50 years old who retires by the close of the fiscal year is offered the opportunity to receive lump sum incentives.

 A golden handshake not only creates jobs for our energetic youth, but also provides early benefits to the senior citizens of the country.

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Darla school changed its girls dress for second time in a year

Old red tego

A kira, woonju, tego, gho, shoes and socks may not be the ingredients for my favourite outfit, but if I were given the choice, I wouldn't throw away the idea of school uniform. Wearing a uniform is a badge of pride, creates an identity for a school and is an important part of being a school student.

Uniforms show that you are part of an organisation. Wearing it says we're all in this together. Also, if you wear your uniform with pride, it means you are half way there to being respectful; buying into what the organization is all about.

Old Dress

I feel uniforms are the great social equalizer. It discourages inappropriate dress, helps bolster school and academic pride, and is a no brainer when you get dressed in the morning.

I was told by one of the parents in the morning, “My kids go to the school and uniforms were the best thing that happened. They don’t see friends having better clothes, and at the end you can save lot of money.”

I also feel that uniforms give students a sense of belonging to a particular school and create an identity for the school in the community.

New faded ash tego

Some people believe that a school uniform can improve learning by reducing distraction, sharpening focus on schoolwork and making the classroom a more serious environment, allowing students to perform better academically.

Perhaps most importantly, a uniform means students don't have to worry about peer pressure when it comes to their clothes. When everyone is dressed the same, worrying about what you look like isn't so important. There is no competition about being dressed in the latest trend, which would put a great deal of financial pressure on students and parents. Potential bullies have one less target for their insults; it's hard to make fun of what someone is wearing when you're dressed exactly the same.

In America, where a majority of schools do not have a uniform, roughly 160,000 children miss school every day due to fear of attack or intimidation by other students. This might not be directly linked to what they're wearing, but having a uniform can be a safety net for many students who might otherwise suffer from bullying. A strict uniform gives the impression that rules are strict too, perhaps helping maintain a sense of order at school.

New dress

The pros and cons of school uniforms

According to proponents, school uniforms:
Encourage discipline
Help students resist peer pressure to buy trendy clothes
Help identify intruders in the school
Diminish economic and social barriers between students
Increase a sense of belonging and school pride
Improve attendance

Opponents contend that school uniforms:
Violate a student’s right to freedom of expression
Are simply a Band-Aid on the issue of school violence
Make students a target for bullies from other schools
Are a financial burden for poor families
Are an unfair additional expense for parents who pay taxes for a free public education
Are difficult to enforce in public schools

Darla school changed its girls dress for second time in a year. Starting from this July our girls will be wearing ash-brown tego instead of bright red tego. A number of students have complained about the change, and there was a general opinion about this dress as really bad.

The red tego was lots of problems with many students and teachers and parents against it. It was only due to a few persons in the school, that the red tego was to be red. Many thought it was not good. There were many reasons saying against the bright red colour. Though symbolically confident and bright one, it had more negatives than its good one. The red was so intense to look at, as it affects the eyes, especially, teachers who had to see tegos. I also heard that it attracted bulls, leeches as they were plentiful in Darla.

The tego was chosen by our school girls before the first term, and they like it now. One of the students said, "I like uniforms because everyone is the same and no one can be left out by the way they are dressed. Our new tego looks smarter, which is good."

New Principal
With the change of the tego came the change of principal. Mr. Tshochu was replaced by new principal Mr. Tshering. The former principal went to Gedu HSS, and the later one came after his studies. Till now I have worked under seven principals, and I found Mr. Tshochu to be the best of all. Though, he was also little crooked, and who says humans are not crooked. Everyone is. Everyone was little bit un-human and they lacked civic sense. I would like to list down some good and lousy leaders:

Lack of Transparency; we(i) can tell when someone is not being completely honest. There’s rarely a reason not to be entirely transparent with everyone, everytime. But we appreciate understanding of all. Lack of transparency can result in a lack of trust.
Egoistic; the best leaders are ones who accept blame when things go wrong and give credit to their team when things go right. In order to be a true visionary leader, you need to let go of your ego and focus on your people because without them you would be nowhere.
They don’t have enough confidence to lead at their level. The boss I worked in Tsirang at the start was like this. He couldn’t decide because he had no faith in his decisions.
They’re arrogant, assuming they always know what’s best. It takes confidence to lead. It also takes humility. Many leaders think they’re confident when they’re really just pigheaded and proud.
They’re disorganized. I’ve worked with some hard-driving, capable leaders who hamstrung themselves by never getting organized. I had one leader like this, who ran after ladies and bother little about school. The first thing I would do if I were boss was fire him.
They over-promise and under-deliver. This one affects more than just politicians. People leading up in an organization often do this because they are trying to impress those above them, failing to realize that by under-delivering they are shooting themselves in the foot. And people at the top fall into the trap by overusing promises as a way to ensure team loyalty. I see most leaders in Bhutan are like that – sycophancy.
They don’t articulate a clear vision. No one wants to follow in the dark. It’s impossible to motivate people who feel in a fog.
They don’t enroll others in their initiatives. Some leaders just expect people will follow them just because of their position. Wrong. If a leader can’t enroll others, failure looms.
They don’t hold people accountable—especially themselves. If a leader avoids responsibility and won’t hold their team accountable, they’ll shipwreck the organization. Accountability is essential.
Nobody is born with any given skill, we learn through observation and by copying others (our role-models). You might get some valuable info from reading books on this subject, but I remember an old saying, scribbled on the cover of a book I read in my teens: “Life is not learned from books, but by living it.”

While meeting great leaders has always been a wonderful experience, it is the bad ones that really enforce the true values of a leadership. I’ve been lucky in this sense, as I got the chance to meet some of the worst leaders you can possibly imagine. Leaders who fail to keep up risk being clueless, close-minded and arrogant. A lack of knowledge leads to indecision and fear and can cause employees to quickly lose trust in their leader.